Texas Record Sealing and Expungement Law

TEXAS NON-DISCLOSURE - STATUTE


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Government Code § 411.081.
(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of this subchapter, if a person is placed on deferred adjudication community supervision under Section 5, Article 42.12, Code of Criminal Procedure, subsequently receives a discharge and dismissal under Section 5(c), Article 42.12, and satisfies the requirements of Subsection (e), the person may petition the court that placed the defendant on deferred adjudication for an order of nondisclosure under this subsection. Except as provided by Subsection (e), a person may petition the court under this subsection regardless of whether the person has been previously placed on deferred adjudication community supervision for another offense. After notice to the state and a hearing on whether the person is entitled to file the petition and issuance of the order is in the best interest of justice, the court shall issue an order prohibiting criminal justice agencies from disclosing to the public criminal history record information related to the offense giving rise to the deferred adjudication. A criminal justice agency may disclose criminal history record information that is the subject of the order only to other criminal justice agencies, for criminal justice or regulatory licensing purposes, an agency or entity listed in Subsection (i), or the person who is the subject of the order. A person may petition the court that placed the person on deferred adjudication for an order of nondisclosure on payment of a $ 28 fee to the clerk of the court in addition to any other fee that generally applies to the filing of a civil petition. The payment may be made only on or after:
  • (1) the discharge and dismissal, if the offense for which the person was placed on deferred adjudication was a misdemeanor other than a misdemeanor described by Subdivision (2);
  • (2) the second anniversary of the discharge and dismissal, if the offense for which the person was placed on deferred adjudication was a misdemeanor under Chapter 20, 21, 22, 25, 42, or 46, Penal Code; or
  • A person is entitled to petition the court under Subsection (d) only if during the applicable period described by Subsection (d)(1), (2), or (3), as appropriate, the person is not convicted of or placed on deferred adjudication community supervision under Section 5, Article 42.12, Code of Criminal Procedure, for any offense other than an offense under the Transportation Code punishable by fine only. A person is not entitled to petition the court under Subsection (d) if the person has been previously convicted or placed on deferred adjudication for:
  • (1) an offense requiring registration as a sex offender under Chapter 62, Code of Criminal Procedure;
  • (2) an offense under Section 20.04, Penal Code, regardless of whether the offense is a reportable conviction or adjudication for purposes of Chapter 62, Code of Criminal Procedure;
  • (3) an offense under Section 19.02, 19.03, 22.04, 22.041, 25.07, or 42. 072, Penal Code; or
  • (4) any other offense involving family violence, as defined by Section 71.004, Family Code.
  • (f) For purposes of Subsection (d), a person is considered to have been placed on deferred adjudication community supervision if, regardless of the statutory authorization:
  • (1) the person entered a plea of guilty or nolo contendere;
  • (2) the judge deferred further proceedings without entering an adjudication of guilt and placed the person under the supervision of the court or an officer under the supervision of the court; and
  • (3) at the end of the period of supervision the judge dismissed the proceedings and discharged the person.
  • (g) When an order of nondisclosure is issued under this subsection, the clerk of the court shall send to the Crime Records Service of the Department of Public Safety a copy of the order by:
  • (1) certified mail, return receipt requested; or
  • (2) if requested in writing by the petitioner, secure electronic mail or facsimile transmission.
  • (g) When an order of nondisclosure is issued under this section, the clerk of the court shall send a copy of the order by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the Crime Records Service of the Department of Public Safety. Not later than 10 business days after receipt of the order, the Department of Public Safety shall seal any criminal history record information maintained by the department that is the subject of the order. The department shall also send a copy of the order by mail or electronic means to all:
  • (1) law enforcement agencies, jails or other detention facilities, magistrates, courts, prosecuting attorneys, correctional facilities, central state depositories of criminal records, and other officials or agencies or other entities of this state or of any political subdivision of this state;
  • (2) central federal depositories of criminal records that there is reason to believe have criminal history record information that is the subject of the order; and
  • (3) private entities that purchase criminal history record information from the department. (g-1) The Department of Public Safety shall send a copy of the order by mail or secure electronic mail or facsimile transmission to all law enforcement agencies, jails or other detention facilities, magistrates, courts, prosecuting attorneys, correctional facilities, central state depositories of criminal records, and other officials or agencies or other entities of this state or of any political subdivision of this state, and to all central federal depositories of criminal records that there is reason to believe have criminal history record information that is the subject of the order.
  • (g-1) Not later than 30 business days after receipt of an order from the Department of Public Safety under Subsection (g), an individual or entity described by Subsection (g)(1) shall seal any criminal history record information maintained by the individual or entity that is the subject of the order.
  • (g-2) A person whose criminal history record information has been sealed under this section is not required in any application for employment, information, or licensing to state that the person has been the subject of any criminal proceeding related to the information that is the subject of an order issued under this section.
  • (h) The clerk of a court that collects a fee under Subsection (d) shall remit the fee to the comptroller not later than the last day of the month following the end of the calendar quarter in which the fee is collected, and the comptroller shall deposit the fee in the general revenue fund. The Department of Public Safety shall submit a report to the legislature not later than December 1 of each even-numbered year that includes information on:
  • (1) the number of petitions for nondisclosure and orders of nondisclosure received by the department in each of the previous two years;
  • (2) the actions taken by the department with respect to the petitions and orders received;
  • (3) the costs incurred by the department in taking those actions; and
  • (4) the number of persons who are the subject of an order of nondisclosure and who became the subject of criminal charges for an offense committed after the order was issued.
  • ((i) A criminal justice agency may disclose criminal history record information that is the subject of an order of nondisclosure to the following noncriminal justice agencies or entities only:
  • (1) the State Board for Educator Certification;
  • (2) a school district, charter school, private school, regional education service center, commercial transportation company, or education shared service arrangement;
  • (3) the Texas Medical Board;
  • (4) the Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired;
  • (5) the Board of Law Examiners;
  • (6) the State Bar of Texas;
  • (7) a district court regarding a petition for name change under Subchapter B, Chapter 45, Family Code;
  • (8) the Texas School for the Deaf;
  • (9) the Department of Family and Protective Services;
  • (10) the Texas Youth Commission;
  • (11) the Department of Assistive and Rehabilitative Services;
  • (12) the Department of State Health Services, a local mental health service, a local mental retardation authority, or a community center providing services to persons with mental illness or retardation;
  • (13) the Texas Private Security Board;
  • (14) a municipal or volunteer fire department;
  • (15) the Board of Nurse Examiners;
  • (16) a safe house providing shelter to children in harmful situations;
  • (17) a public or nonprofit hospital or hospital district;
  • (18) the Texas Juvenile Probation Commission;
  • (19) the securities commissioner, the banking commissioner, the savings and loan commissioner, or the credit union commissioner;
  • (20) the Texas State Board of Public Accountancy;
  • (21) the Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation;
  • (22) the Health and Human Services Commission;
  • (23) the Department of Aging and Disability Services; and
  • (24) the Texas Education Agency.
  • (j) If the Department of Public Safety receives information indicating that a private entity that purchases criminal history record information from the department has been found by a court to have committed five or more violations of Section 552.1425 by compiling or disseminating information with respect to which an order of nondisclosure has been issued, the department may not release any criminal history record information to that entity until the first anniversary of the date of the most recent violation.

TEXAS EXPUNGEMENT - STATUTE

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. art. 55.01 (2007)
Art. 55.01. Right to Expunction
  • a) A person who has been placed under a custodial or noncustodial arrest for commission of either a felony or misdemeanor is entitled to have all records and files relating to the arrest expunged if:
  • (1) the person is tried for the offense for which the person was arrested and is:
  • (A) acquitted by the trial court, except as provided by Subsection (c) of this section; or
  • (B) convicted and subsequently pardoned; or
  • (2) each of the following conditions exist:
  • (A) an indictment or information charging the person with commission of a felony has not been presented against the person for an offense arising out of the transaction for which the person was arrested or, if an indictment or information charging the person with commission of a felony was presented, the indictment or information has been dismissed or quashed, and:
  • (i) the limitations period expired before the date on which a petition for expunction was filed under Article 55.02; or
  • (ii) the court finds that the indictment or information was dismissed or quashed because the presentment had been made because of mistake, false information, or other similar reason indicating absence of probable cause at the time of the dismissal to believe the person committed the offense or because it was void;
  • (B) the person has been released and the charge, if any, has not resulted in a final conviction and is no longer pending and there was no court ordered community supervision under Article 42.12 for any offense other than a Class C misdemeanor; and
  • (C) the person has not been convicted of a felony in the five years preceding the date of the arrest.
  • (a-1) Notwithstanding Subsection (a)(2)(C), a person's conviction of a felony in the five years preceding the date of the arrest does not affect the person's entitlement to expunction for purposes of an ex parte petition filed on behalf of the person by the director of the Department of Public Safety under Section 2(e), Article 55.02.
  • (b) Except as provided by Subsection (c) of this section, a district court may expunge all records and files relating to the arrest of a person who has been arrested for commission of a felony or misdemeanor under the procedure established under Article 55.02 of this code if the person is:
  • (1) tried for the offense for which the person was arrested;
  • (2) convicted of the offense; and
  • (3) acquitted by the court of criminal appeals.
  • (c) A court may not order the expunction of records and files relating to an arrest for an offense for which a person is subsequently acquitted, whether by the trial court or the court of criminal appeals, if the offense for which the person was acquitted arose out of a criminal episode, as defined by Section 3.01, Penal Code, and the person was convicted of or remains subject to prosecution for at least one other offense occurring during the criminal episode.
  • (d) A person is entitled to have any information that identifies the person, including the person's name, address, date of birth, driver's license number, and social security number, contained in records and files relating to the arrest of another person expunged if:
  • (1) the information identifying the person asserting the entitlement to expunction was falsely given by the person arrested as the arrested person's identifying information without the consent of the person asserting the entitlement; and
  • (2) the only reason for the information identifying the person asserting the entitlement being contained in the arrest records and files of the person arrested is that the information was falsely given by the person arrested as the arrested person's identifying information